Technical Column

Classification Of Modern Machine Tools

Classification Of Modern Machine Tools

Classification-Of-Modern-Machine-ToolsClassification-Of-Modern-Machine-Tools

1. Ordinary machine tools: including ordinary lathes, drilling machines, boring machines, milling machines, planers, etc.

2. Precision machine tools: including grinding machines, gear processing machine tools, thread processing machine tools and other various precision machine tools.

3. High-precision machine tools: including coordinate boring machines, gear grinding machines, thread grinding machines, high-precision hobbing machines, high-precision engraving machines and other high-precision machine tools.

4. NC machine tool: NC machine tool is an abbreviation of NC machine tool. It is an automatic machine tool with a program control system. The control system can logically process and decode the program specified by the control code or other symbolic instructions, thereby enabling the machine to operate and process the part.

5. According to the size of the workpiece and the weight of the machine tool, it can be divided into instrument machine tools, small and medium machine tools, large machine tools, heavy machine tools and super heavy machine tools.

6. According to processing accuracy, it can be divided into ordinary precision machine tools, precision machine tools and high-precision machine tools.

7. According to the degree of automation, it can be divided into manual operation machine tools, semi-automatic machine tools and automatic machine tools.

8. According to the control method of machine tools, it can be divided into copying machine tools, program-controlled machine tools, CNC machine tools, adaptive control machine tools, machining centers and flexible manufacturing systems.

9. According to the applicable scope of machine tools, it can be divided into ordinary machine tools and special machine tools. Metal cutting machine tools can be divided into many types according to different classification methods.

According to the processing method or processing object, it can be divided into lathes, drilling machines, boring machines, grinders, gear processing machines, thread processing machines, spline processing machines, milling machines, planers, grooving machines, broaching machines, special processing machines, sawing machines and scribing machines. Device. It is divided into several categories according to the structure or processing object of the category, and each category is divided into several categories.

According to the size of the workpiece and the weight of the machine tool, it can be divided into instrument machine tools, small and medium machine tools, large machine tools, heavy machine tools and super heavy machine tools.

According to processing accuracy, it can be divided into ordinary precision machine tools, precision machine tools and high-precision machine tools.

According to the degree of automation, it can be divided into manual operation machine tools, semi-automatic machine tools and automatic machine tools.

According to the automatic control methods of machine tools, it can be divided into copying machine tools, program-controlled machine tools, digitally controlled machine tools, adaptively controlled machine tools, machining centers and flexible manufacturing systems.

According to the applicable scope of machine tools, it can be divided into general machine tools, special machine tools and special machine tools.

Special machine tools are automatic or semi-automatic machine tools based on standard universal components and equipped with a small number of special components designed according to the specific shape of the workpiece or processing technology. They are called combined machine tools.

In order to process one or more parts, a series of machine tools are arranged according to the program, and automatic loading and unloading devices and automatic workpiece transfer devices are provided between the machine tools and the machine tools. This group of machines is called an automatic cutting line.

The flexible manufacturing system consists of a set of CNC machine tools and other automated processing equipment. It is controlled by an electronic computer and can automatically process workpieces with different processes, so it can be adapted to a variety of productions.

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