A machining center with a parallel spindle is called a horizontal machining center. Generally, a horizontal machining center has 3-5 motion coordinate axes. A common horizontal machining center is three linear motion axes plus a rotary motion coordinate axis. Most of the worktables of horizontal machining centers are square, which can clamp the workpieces at one time to complete the processing of all sides of the workpieces. What I just said is the basic structure of a horizontal machining center, so how to classify the structure of a horizontal machining center?
Its structure classification methods are diverse, there are two types of headstock position classification: headstock head hanging and headstock side hanging; two types of columns are: fixed columns and moving columns; two types of machine tools are: : There are two types of positive T and inverted T; there are three types of feed according to Z axis: Z axis table feed, Z axis column feed, and Z axis ram feed; and in the industry, they are classified by column, The editor will introduce the structure classified by the column today. I have just said that there are two types of column classifications, which are dynamic column and fixed column horizontal machining centers. Let me introduce its structure and characteristics.
Structure and characteristics of fixed column horizontal machining center
There are three types of horizontal machining centers with fixed column type. The column is fixed, the spindle box performs Y-direction movement, the table performs Z and X movements, the spindle box performs Y and Z movements, and the table performs X-direction movements. It is another kind of spindle head to move in Y and X directions, and the table to move in Z direction. This is a fixed column horizontal machining center. This type of horizontal machining center has good structural rigidity, high processing accuracy, and installation adjustment. Features such as convenience.
Structure and characteristics of moving column horizontal machining center
There are many horizontal machining centers with movable uprights. There are three types of machining centers, all of which are dynamic uprights. The table is fixed, the column moves in X direction, and the spindle box is hung on the side for Z, Y movement; the table moves in Z direction, the column moves in X direction, and the spindle box moves in Y direction; the table moves in X direction, and the column does Z Movement, the spindle box performs Y-direction movement; these three are dynamic vertical horizontal machining centers. The moving column type horizontal machining center has high rigidity and large load capacity, suitable for heavy cutting and rough machining.