With the advent of digitalisation and automation, the traditional mechanic technology has been unable to meet the needs, and the development of numerical control technology is being paid more and more attention by machining enterprises. This paper on the application of CNC technology in processing machinery and the development trend of research and analysis, for the development of CNC technology in processing machinery to provide reference.
With the development of science and technology in China, more and more advanced technologies are used in the field of processing machinery, the most outstanding of which is the development and application of numerical control technology. CNC technology is through the output of digital instructions to the processing of machinery and equipment control, it can be with the computer, optical and mechanical and other convenient and effective combination to achieve the traditional mechanical technology can not achieve some of the role and effect, improve the economic efficiency of enterprises. In recent years, the application of CNC technology in machining has reduced the waste of materials in the process of processing, reducing the processing time, greatly improving the efficiency and quality of machining, improving the level of China’s machining, promoting the development of China’s automation industry, and laying the foundation for the promotion of China’s automation technology in the international arena.
The application of CNC technology in machining machine tools
The quality and precision of machining machinery machine tools can seriously affect the machining process, in order to improve the efficiency of the use of processing machine tools, the introduction of digital control technology into it. It makes the use of CNC machine tools more automatic and controllable process. In addition, the application of CNC technology on machine tools makes the process of machining machinery more accurate, through the control of real-time data, the error is smaller, making the machining more standardised, serialised and accurate, while the machining process is monitored in real time, adjusting the parameters of the machining or improving the machining method at any time .
The application of CNC technology in industry
Numerical control technology is also widely used in industry and plays an important role in areas that are not accessible to humans. It can also be used to simulate the machining process to achieve precise control of the workpiece processing and manufacturing, which can reduce the safety risks to a certain extent and improve the efficiency and quality of machining. In addition, the numerical control unit can also play the role of a “nerve centre”, through the computer to manipulate and control the machine operating equipment, so that it is completed in accordance with the relevant procedures and instructions for a series of scheduled operations. At the same time it can also detect the machining process, find abnormalities and faults and run the corresponding protective measures to avoid irreparable damage and losses caused by mechanical processing errors
The rapid development of CNC technology has also found some application in the aerospace industry. Traditional machining techniques create workpieces that do not meet the requirements in terms of precision and quality, so that aerospace materials achieve the desired results. For this reason, CNC technology has been introduced into the aerospace sector. It allows the cutting, separating and forming of aluminium or titanium alloys with excellent toughness and stretching properties, which make up the flight unit, to be carried out with high precision, so that the aerospace materials can be processed correctly and for the right reasons, making the flight unit safer and more reliable.
The application of CNC technology in the manufacture of coal mining machines
CNC technology is used in all parts of the coal mining system. In coal mining machines, it improves the speed of development and the efficiency of the machine, replaces the traditional profiling method with CNC gas cutting and automatically controls the cutting compensation equipment, improving the quality and safety of the coal mining work. In the cutting process, the application of CNC technology makes the accuracy of the processing continuously improved, to complete the production of parts with more complex shapes and high precision requirements, to improve the sealing and reliability of mechanical processing equipment.
The significance of the application of CNC technology in machining machinery
Effectively improve the quality and efficiency of production
The application of CNC technology has changed the uncontrollability of traditional mechanical machining technology, making the mechanical machining process more controllable and precise. Effectively reduce the working time of production, reduce the production process of the wrong operation caused by the waste material, greatly improve the quality and efficiency of machining work. In addition, the application of CNC technology has changed the process of mechanical processing all by human thinking, making the mechanical processing process more coherent, cyclical, and through the setting of the mechanical processing process is subject to unified management and control, so that the operation process is more complete, effectively reducing the time required for mechanical processing, greatly improving the production efficiency of processing machinery
High processing accuracy
Generally speaking, machining machinery products generally have high requirements and standards in terms of surface accuracy and appearance. Using traditional machining methods, it is difficult to obtain a high precision surface, even after post-processing, it is difficult to achieve the desired effect. The application of CNC technology has effectively solved this problem. By inputting the dimensions, parameters and relevant requirements and standards of the machined part into the computer, the material is machined in three dimensions with the help of automated management and control of the CNC technology, so that the workpiece meets the requirements of precision and standard and is assembled to meet the needs of the customer.
Automated management in the control of production
The greatest advantage of the application of CNC technology is the automated management of the machining process. It effectively combines numerical control technology and digital functions to achieve effective control of the processing machinery, making the machining process more scientific and orderly. Reduces the amount of manual labour, improves the controllability of the machining process, and greatly improves the comprehensive management and control of CNC technology for machining machinery.
The future development trend of numerical control technology
The development of new and more sophisticated technologies and equipment
In order to continuously improve the quality of machining and production efficiency, we need to continuously improve the precision of the work of mechanical processing equipment, only then can we meet the increasingly progressive social needs and industrial requirements. Compared with many developed countries, the gap between the accuracy of products obtained through digital control technology in China is already very small, but in terms of production efficiency, China is clearly behind the developed countries. It is understood that in foreign car manufacturing plants, the feed rate of high-speed machining centres has reached 80 metres per minute and can complete the machining process of a part in just half an hour, which is such a high efficiency. Therefore, in the future development process, we will continue to research and develop advanced CNC technology, and constantly narrow the gap between the world’s first-class level.
Intelligent open mode to become the main trend in the future development of CNC technology
With the development of science and technology, people have a deeper understanding of intelligent equipment, and the application of intelligent mode to machining and manufacturing has become a goal that more and more CNC processors are eager to achieve. In current machining, automated management and control systems make machining more convenient and efficient. However, it should not be overlooked that the software of closed CNC machining systems is prone to problems that can affect the machining process. For this reason, we need to incorporate the use and development of intelligent electronic control systems into the machining sector. It can realise automatic generation of various process parameters on the basis of automated control, as well as intelligent human-machine interface process monitoring, making machining operations more convenient and effectively improving the efficiency of machining.
To sum up, the application of CNC technology has an important impact on machining. It not only broadens the working field of machining, improves the quality and efficiency of machining, reduces the amount of workers’ labour, improves the safety of work, etc., but also plays an important role in industrial application and innovation, and becomes an important technical basis for the development and progress of China’s industry. To this end, we must seize the opportunity brought to us by the development of science and technology, the continuous research and development of CNC technology, to contribute to the further development of processing machinery.