UHMW Machining Special Method And Application


Gel spinning

(1) Development process

The preparation of high-strength, high-modulus polyethylene fibers by gel spinning-super-stretching technology is a novel spinning method that appeared in the late 1970s. The DSM company in the Netherlands first applied for a patent in 1979, and then allied companies in the United States, Toyoo-DSM company jointly established by Japan and the Netherlands, and Mitsui company in Japan all realized industrial production. China Textile University’s Chemical Fiber Institute began research on this project in 1985 and gradually formed its own technology to produce high-performance UHMW-PE fibers.

(2)Spinning process

UHMW-PE gel spinning process: Dissolve UHMW-PE in a suitable solvent to make a semi-dilute solution, extrude through the spinneret, and then quench the spinning solution with air or water to freeze it into frozen collagen filaments. . In frozen collagen filaments, almost all solvents are contained, so the unentangled state of the UHMW-PE macromolecular chain is well maintained, and the temperature of the solution decreases, which leads to the collapse of the UHMW-PE folded chain crystals in the gel. form. In this way, by stretching the frozen collagen filaments by superheating, the macromolecular chains can be fully oriented and highly crystallized, and the macromolecules in the folded chain are transformed into straight chains, thereby producing high-strength and high-modulus fibers.


UHMW-PE fiber is the third generation of special fiber in the world today. Its strength is as high as 30.8 cN / dtex. Its specific strength is the highest among chemical fibers. It also has good abrasion resistance, impact resistance, corrosion resistance and light resistance. It can be directly made into ropes, cables, fishing nets and various fabrics: bullet-proof vests and clothes, cut-resistant gloves, etc. Among them, the bullet-proof effect of bullet-proof garments is better than that of aramid fibers. Internationally, UHMW-PE fibers have been woven into ropes of different deniers, replacing traditional steel cables and synthetic fiber ropes. UHMW-PE fiber composite materials have been used in military armor shells, radar protective covers, helmets, etc. UHMW has been processed into bowstrings, sleighs, and water skis on sporting goods.

Lubrication extrusion (injection)

Lubricating extrusion (injection) molding technology is to form a lubricant layer between the extruded (injected) material and the mold wall, thereby reducing the difference in shear rate between the points of the material, reducing the deformation of the product, and achieving low temperature 3. Increase the extrusion (injection) speed of high viscosity polymers under low energy consumption conditions. There are two main methods for generating a lubricating layer: self-lubricating and co-lubricating.
(1) Self-lubricating extrusion (injection)
UHMW-PE self-lubricating extrusion (injection) is to add an appropriate amount of external lubricant to reduce the friction and shear between polymer molecules and the mold wall, improve the uniformity of material flow and the release effect and extrusion quality. External lubricants are mainly higher fatty acids, complex fats, silicone resins, paraffin waxes and other low molecular weight resins. Before extrusion (injection) processing, the lubricant is first mixed into the material together with other processing aids. During production, the lubricant in the material oozes out to form a lubricating layer to achieve self-lubricating extrusion (injection). There are patent reports: 70 parts of paraffin oil, 30 parts of UHMW-PE and 1 part of oxygen-phase silica (highly dispersed silica gel) are mixed and granulated, and smooth extrusion (injection) can be achieved at a temperature of 190 ° C.
(2) Co-lubrication extrusion (injection)
There are two cases of co-lubricating extrusion (injection) of UHMW-PE. One is to use the gap method to press the lubricant into the mold to form a lubricating layer between the inner surface of the mold cavity and the molten material; the other is with low viscosity. The resin was blended as part of the product. For example, when producing UHMW-PE sheet, a quantitative pump is used to deliver SH200 silicone oil as a lubricant into the mold cavity. The appearance quality of the obtained product is significantly improved, especially due to the small extrusion deformation and increased tensile strength.

Roll forming

Roll forming is a solid-state processing method, which applies high pressure below the melting point of UHMW-PE and effectively fuses particles with particles through particle deformation. The main equipment is a rotating wheel with a screw groove and an arc-shaped slider with a tongue groove. The tongue groove is perpendicular to the screw groove. During the processing, the friction between the material and the wall is effectively used, and the pressure generated is sufficient to deform the UHMW-PE particles. A heating support is installed at the end of the machine base, and the material is extruded through the die. If this rolling device is used in combination with an extruder, the processing can be continuous.

Heat treatment

The UHMW-PE resin powder was heated for a short period of time between 140 and 275 ° C for 1 to 30 minutes. It was found that some physical properties of UHMW-PE were greatly improved. Compared with the non-heat-treated UHMW-PE products, the products pressed with heat-treated UHMW-PE powder have better physical properties and transparency, and the surface smoothness and low-temperature mechanical properties of the products are greatly improved.


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The brand new processing method is RF Machining UHMW. It is a uniform mixing of UHMW-PE powder and carbon black powder with high dielectric loss, and the surface of UHMW-PE powder is softened by radio frequency irradiation. So that it can be consolidated under a certain pressure. This method can be used to mold very thick large parts in a few minutes, and its processing efficiency is many times higher than that of UHMW-PE regular-scale pressing.

Porous membrane

UHMW-PE is dissolved in a volatile solvent, continuously extruded, and then subjected to a thermoreversible gel / crystallization process to make it a wet gel film. The solvent is evaporated to dry the film. Because the formed skeleton structure limits the shrinkage of the gel, micropores are generated during the drying process, and the maximum porosity is reached by biaxial stretching without destroying the complete porous structure. This material can be used as waterproof, oxygen-permeable fabrics and chemical resistant clothing, as well as ultrafiltration / microfiltration membranes, composite membranes and battery separators. Compared with other methods, the porous UHMW-PE membrane prepared by this method has the best comprehensive properties such as pore size, strength and thickness.