What Is Planer?


“In the process of invention, many things are often complementary and interlocking: in order to manufacture a steam engine, a boring machine is needed; after the invention of the steam engine, the gantry planer was called again from the technical requirements. It can be said that it was the invention of the steam engine that led to the design and development of the working machine from a boring machine and a lathe to a planer. In fact, a planer is a planer for metal.”

Gantry planer (1839) for processing large planes. Because of the plane machining requirements of steam valve seats, many technicians began research in this area, including Richard Robert, Richard Platt, James Fox and Joseph Clement, etc., have independently produced gantry planers for 25 years starting from 1814. This gantry planer fixes the processing object on the reciprocating platform, and the planer cuts one side of the processed object. However, this planer does not yet have a knife feeding device, and is in the process of converting from “tool” to “mechanical”. In 1839, a British man named Bodmer finally designed a gantry planer with a knife feeding device.

Planer for processing small planes. Another Englishman, Smith, invented and manufactured a plane for processing small planes within 40 years from 1831. It can fix the processing object on the bed, and the cutter moves back and forth.

Since then, due to the improvement of tools and the emergence of electric motors, the gantry planer has developed on the one hand in the direction of high-speed cutting and high precision, and on the other hand in the direction of large-scale development.